Alan Turing

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Turing was a pioneering computer scientist and mathematician whose life was recently depicted in “The Imitation Game” featuring Benedict Cumberbatch. He was instrumental in early work on computers, artificial intelligence, and code breaking. His skills were such that the British government contracted him for work breaking Nazi codes during World War II. The same government, however, prosecuted him for the crime of homosexuality, and punished him with chemical castration instead of jail time. In 2009 British Prime Minister Gordon Brown made an official apology for Turing’s prosecution and punishment.